Sometimes, officers use “resisting arrest” as a catchall for any behavior that makes an investigation or arrest more difficult. It may be hard to believe that responding slowly, or reluctantly to an officer’s general commands could lead to a charge of resisting arrest. But it’s true, sometimes an arrest doesn't need to be in progress for a charge of resisting arrest.
That doesn’t mean that an officer may interpret any situation where you’re not doing exactly what you’re being told to do right at that instant as “resisting arrest.” Let’s take a closer look at the law and possible defenses for the criminal charge of resisting arrest.
Elements of the Crime
As a general definition, a defendant resists arrest when they intentionally prevent an officer from making a lawful arrest or discharging any other official duty, and the person creates a substantial risk of bodily injury to the officer or anyone else, or acts in a way that justifies use of force to overcome the resistance.
It’s important to understand that some state laws prohibit any action that impedes an officer. This means that a resisting arrest charge can be filed against you without any prior attempt to place you under arrest! In other states an arrest must be in progress for a resisting charge to be filed against you.
To be found guilty, the burden is on the prosecution to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt all the elements of the crime. This can include:
Actions Commonly Seen as Resisting
Resisting arrest generally involves situations where a person obstructs, resists or delays a law enforcement during the performance of their duty. Any action a person takes that impedes an officer, even standing their way, could qualify. Actions commonly seen as resisting arrest include:
Penalties and Punishment
Resisting arrest can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony depending on the facts of your case. The penalties and punishment will be determined by the facts of your case and how it is charged.
Misdemeanor Resisting Arrest:
Felony Resisting Arrest:
Possible Defenses for Resisting Arrest
It can be difficult to determine when someone actually resisted or obstructed an arrest because there is no clear legal standard. Officers can rush their judgment and arrest who has not immediately obeyed their orders. You have several possible defenses against this charge including:
Free Resisting Arrest Case Review
There is often a fine line between guilt and innocence with a charge of resisting arrest. Many cases of resisting arrest can be defended with careful investigation and planning. That’s why you need someone on your side who can speak to the fact. If you're facing criminal charges, receive a free case review from an attorney in your area. A criminal defense attorney is your advocate in court, and works to ensure the law is properly applied in your case.